“He” means to converge and “gu” refers to valley where a spring flows to joint a stream. In ancient times, the parts of the body where muscles converged in abundance were referred to as “gu” (valley), while those parts where there were less muscles were referred to as “xi” (a small stream). In this context, “gu” is bigger and shallower than “xi”. Here “he” refers to the place where muscles converge. Also, when the thumb and index fingers are separated, it is similar to a deep valley, hence the name Hegu (Converging Valley).
Hegu Acupuncture Point Location
This point is located between the 1st and 2nd metacarpal bones. It can be located by following three methods:
- Open the thumb and index finger, then put the transverse crease of the thumb of one hand on the midpoint of the extended margin between the thumb and index finger of the other. The place to which the tip of the thumb extends is Hegu (Large Intestine L.I.4).
- A perpendicular crease will appear if the thumb and index finger-are tightened, alongside of which there is a muscular process. The point is on the top of the muscle level with the end of the perpendicular crease.
- With the thumb the index finger separated, the point will be half way along the line linking the conjunction of the 1st and 2nd metacarpal bones and the midpoint of the margin of the web between the thumb and the index finger.
Indications For Acupuncture Point Hegu
- Disorders of the facial region, mouth and throat
- Nasal obstruction
- Facial paralysis
- Redness of the eye
- Sore throat
- Common cold
- Finger Spasm
- Paralysis of the upper limb
Clinical Applications For Hegu Acupuncture Point Of Hand-Yangming Large Intestine Meridian
Hegu (Large Intestine L.I.4), the Yuan-source point of the Large Intestine Meridian of Hand-Yangming and one of the four general points, has the effect to sedate pain, eliminate heat, calm the mind, remove obstruction from the collaterals, relieve superficial syndromes and dispel exogenous wind.
Acupuncture Points Combination With Hegu For Treatment Of Illnesses
- With Fengchi (Gall Bladder G.B.20), Dazhui (Du 14) and Quchi (Large Intestine L.I.1 1 ) for fever due to common cold. Strong stimulation is suggested so as to force the patient to sweat slightly. Usually, -the body temperature can be reduced within half an hour.
- With Dazhui (Du 14),-Quchi (Large Intestine L.I.11) and Zusanli (Stomach St.36) for good therapeutic results in patients suffering from aleucemia. The curative effect often reaches its climax within three hours.
- With Quchi (Large Intestine L.I.11), Xuehai (Spleen Sp.10) and Dazhui (Du 14) for urticaria.
- With Taiyang (extra) for upper toothache.
- With Jiache (Stomach St.6) for lower toothache.
- With Sanyinjiao (Spleen Sp.6) to facilitate delivery and for the treatment of amenorrhea.
- With Jianyu (large Intestine L.I.15), Quchi (Large Intestine L.I.11), Shousanli (Large Intestine L.I.10) and waiguan (Sanjiao S.J.5) for weakness of the upper limb due to paralysis.
How to Puncture Large Intestine Acupuncture Point Hegu
- Puncture perpendicularly 0.5-1 cun deep.
- Moxibustion on Hegu is applicable
Acupuncture Needling Sensations For Hegu At the Large Intestine
Numbness and soreness, radiating towards the index finger.